Grenada is an island nation situated in the Caribbean Sea off the coast of Venezuela. Grenada is both the name of the main island and an umbrella term for the island of Grenada in addition to six smaller islands. Grenada covers a total area of about one hundred and thirty three square miles, and includes a total population of approximately one hundred and ten thousand residents. Grenada is generally independent, although it is still considered a part of the British Commonwealth. Grenada is located near Trinidad and Tobago, as well as Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Grenada was apparently inhabited by Carib Indians before exploration by Europeans, as were a number of other Caribbean Islands. Grenada was first discovered by Spanish explorers, although the first attempt at settlement (which failed) was by the British. The first successful settlement was created by the French, although it was soon supplanted by a successful British settlement during the middle of the eighteenth century. The British maintained near complete control over Grenada until the late 1900s, when an independence movement began to emerge. Grenada became an independent Commonwealth nation in the year 1974. After a brief intervention by US forces and accompanying instability, Grenada’s democratic form of government was restored and continues to the modern day.
The smaller islands of Grenada include Frigate Island, Large Island, Diamond Island, Saline Island, Ronde Island, Caille Island, Petit Martinique, and Carriacou, although the vast majority of the population is found on the main island of Grenada. The largest towns in Grenada are found on the main island, and include Saint George’s which is the capital city, Grenville, and Gouyave. The main island of Grenada is subdivided into six parishes – Saint George, Saint David, Saint Andrew, Saint John, Saint Mark, and Saint Patrick, all of which have a considerable amount of coastline. Grenada’s origins are volcanic, meaning that the territory is considerably more mountainous than most other islands in the Caribbean Sea. Grenada’s land is ideal for a wide range of agricultural cultivation, which supplements the tourist sector of the economy. Grenada is especially well known for producing an impressive and large supply of various spices, such as cinnamon, nutmeg, allspice, mace, cloves, citrus peels, and ginger.
Still, most international visitors are familiar with Grenada because of its many tourist destinations and attractions. Saint George’s is home to most of the country’s luxury hotels and resorts, although there are some smaller scale facilities found in the parishes of Saint John and Saint David. Grenada sees a considerable number of cruise ships visit the island every day, many of whom visit the island’s idyllic beaches, including Grand Anse Beach and the waters offshore. In addition to cruise ships, many visitors make their way to Grenada by way of the Maurice Bishop International Airport. Grenada has its own unique culinary style and an interesting blend of cultures, as well as a lively cricket scene. Grenada sees great weather throughout the entirety of the year, as do other nations in the Caribbean Sea. The vast majority of the year sees warm temperatures in the seventies and eighties, with a generous amount of sunshine.